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About the Author: Heinrich von Kleist

The dramatist, writer, lyricist, and publicist Heinrich von Kleist was born in Frankfurt an der Oder in 1777. Upon his father's early death in 1788 when he was ten, he was sent to the house of the preacher S. Cartel and attended the French Gymnasium. In 1792, Kleist entered the guard regiment in Potsdam and took part in the Rhein campaign against France in 1796. Kleist voluntarily resigned from army service in 1799 and until 1800 studied philosophy, physics, mathematics, and political science at Viadrina University in Frankfurt an der Oder. He went to Berlin early in the year 1800 and penned his drama "Die Familie Ghonorez". Kleist, who tended to irrationalism and was often tormented by a longing for death, then lit out restlessly through Germany, France, and Switzerland.

After several physical and nervous breakdowns, in which he even burned the manuscript of one of his dramas, Heinrich von Kleist reentered the Prussian army in 1804, working in Berlin and Königsberg. There he wrote "Amphitryon" and "Penthesilea."

After being discharged in 1807, Kleist was apprehended on suspicion of being a spy. After this he went to Dresden, where he edited the art journal "Phoebus" with Adam Müller and completed the comedy "The Broken Pitcher" ("Der zerbrochene Krug") and the folk play "Katchen von Heilbronn" ("Das Käthchen von Heilbronn").

Back in Berlin, the one time Rousseau devotee had become a bitter opponent of Napoleon. In 1811, he finished "Prinz Friedrich von Homburg." Finding himself again in financial and personal difficulties, Heinrich von Kleist, together with his lover, the terminally ill Henriette Vogel, committed suicide near the Wannsee in Berlin in 1811.

[From http://www.heinrich-von-kleist.com/]

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Goodreads rating: 3.30

Paperback, Published in Dec 1998 by Philipp Reclam, Jun Verlag GmbH

ISBN10: 3150003482 | ISBN13: 9783150003480

Die Hermannsschlacht ist ein Drama in fünf Akten. Heinrich von Kleist verfasste es 1808, nach der preußischen Niederlage gegen Frankreich. Ob Kleist damit anhand der historischen Varusschlacht die Deutschen zum Widerstand gegen Napoleon aufrufen wollte, wird in der Forschung seit jüngerer Zeit eher in Frage gestellt. Das Stück wurde 1821 gedruckt, erst 1860 uraufgeführt und dann im weiteren Verlauf seiner Wirkungsgeschichte bis 1945 zunehmend im Sinne eines übersteigerten deutschen Nationalismus missbraucht.

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