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About the Author: Émile Zola

Émile François Zola was an influential French novelist, the most important example of the literary school of naturalism, and a major figure in the political liberalization of France.

More than half of Zola's novels were part of a set of 20 books collectively known as Les Rougon-Macquart. Unlike Balzac who in the midst of his literary career resynthesized his work into La Comédie Humaine, Zola from the start at the age of 28 had thought of the complete layout of the series. Set in France's Second Empire, the series traces the "environmental" influences of violence, alcohol and prostitution which became more prevalent during the second wave of the Industrial Revolution. The series examines two branches of a family: the respectable (that is, legitimate) Rougons and the disreputable (illegitimate) Macquarts for five generations.

As he described his plans for the series, "I want to portray, at the outset of a century of liberty and truth, a family that cannot restrain itself in its rush to possess all the good things that progress is making available and is derailed by its own momentum, the fatal convulsions that accompany the birth of a new world."

Although Zola and Cézanne were friends from childhood, they broke in later life over Zola's fictionalized depiction of Cézanne and the Bohemian life of painters in his novel L'Œuvre (The Masterpiece, 1886).

From 1877 with the publication of l'Assommoir, Émile Zola became wealthy, he was better paid than Victor Hugo, for example. He became a figurehead among the literary bourgeoisie and organized cultural dinners with Guy de Maupassant, Joris-Karl Huysmans and other writers at his luxurious villa in Medan near Paris after 1880. Germinal in 1885, then the three 'cities', Lourdes in 1894, Rome in 1896 and Paris in 1897, established Zola as a successful author.

The self-proclaimed leader of French naturalism, Zola's works inspired operas such as those of Gustave Charpentier, notably Louise in the 1890s. His works, inspired by the concepts of heredity (Claude Bernard), social manichaeism and idealistic socialism, resonate with those of Nadar, Manet and subsequently Flaubert.


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Paperback, Published in Jun 2004 by Livre de Poche

ISBN10: 2253193127 | ISBN13: 9782253193128

Page count: 121

Edition enrichie (Preface, chronologie et bibliographie)

Nantas, un jeune Marseillais ambitieux qui vient de monter a Paris, ne parvient pas a trouver de situation lorsqu'un soir une mysterieuse visiteuse lui propose d'epouser Flavie, la fille du baron Danvilliers: il reconnaitra l'enfant dont elle est enceinte et percevra deux cent mille francs. Simplement, la jeune fille lui demande de n'etre jamais son mari que de nom et, apres sa brillante ascension sociale, c'est Flavie que Nantas voudra conquerir. Relation qui s'inverse dans la seconde nouvelle, ou le triomphe de la virilite se retourne en defaite. Car si Adele desire epouser Ferdinand Sourdis dans l'espoir de mener le jeune peintre a la gloire, la paresse aussi bien que la debauche du mari conduisent peu a peu sa jeune femme a achever ses tableaux - et finalement a usurper son role. Publiees pour la premiere fois en 1878 et en 1880 dans "Le Messager de l'Europe," une grande revue de Saint-Petersbourg, ces nouvelles appartiennent pleinement a leur temps. Mais si l'ambitieuse puissance de Nantas evoque "Son Excellence Eugene Rougon," ou Aristide Saccard, l'aventurier predateur de "La Curee," c'est bien plutot a la misogynie des ecrivains proches de Zola que fait songer Madame Sourdis, femme-vampire qui aura finalement devore son mari et inquietante annonciatrice de bien des nevroses fin-de-siecle qui feront aussi fremir de cette epouvante-la."Edition de Jacques Noiray."

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