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About the Author: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer. George Eliot called him "Germany's greatest man of letters... and the last true polymath to walk the earth." Goethe's works span the fields of poetry, drama, literature, theology, humanism, and science. Goethe's magnum opus, lauded as one of the peaks of world literature, is the two-part drama Faust. Goethe's other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.

Goethe was one of the key figures of German literature and the movement of Weimar Classicism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; this movement coincides with Enlightenment, Sentimentality (Empfindsamkeit), Sturm und Drang, and Romanticism. The author of the scientific text Theory of Colours, he influenced Darwin with his focus on plant morphology. He also long served as the Privy Councilor ("Geheimrat") of the duchy of Weimar.

Goethe is the originator of the concept of Weltliteratur ("world literature"), having taken great interest in the literatures of England, France, Italy, classical Greece, Persia, Arabic literature, amongst others. His influence on German philosophy is virtually immeasurable, having major impact especially on the generation of Hegel and Schelling, although Goethe himself expressly and decidedly refrained from practicing philosophy in the rarefied sense.

Goethe's influence spread across Europe, and for the next century his works were a major source of inspiration in music, drama, poetry and philosophy. Goethe is considered by many to be the most important writer in the German language and one of the most important thinkers in Western culture as well. Early in his career, however, he wondered whether painting might not be his true vocation; late in his life, he expressed the expectation that he would ultimately be remembered above all for his work in optics.


Other books by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

 
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Find the best price forFaust/Premiere Partie De La Tragedie

Goodreads rating: 3.98

Mass Market Paperback, Published in Jun 2007 by Livre de Poche

ISBN10: 225308235X | ISBN13: 9782253082354

Page count: 320

Aux yeux mêmes de Goethe, cette Première partie de la tragédie de Faust, qu’il fait paraître en 1808 et qui sera plus tard suivie d’un Second Faust, est une œuvre étrange et barbare, qui ne vise à rien de moins qu’à présenter le « théâtre du monde ». Une œuvre complexe aussi, où le protagoniste, Faust, assure le lien entre le drame du savant amer, désespérant de percer les secrets de la nature vivante, et celui de Marguerite qui s’éprend du vieil homme rajeuni par Méphistophélès, avant de devenir mère, de tuer son enfant et, condamnée à mort, de refuser de suivre Faust qui, finalement, a tout perdu.
Vingt ans plus tard, la traduction de Nerval rencontre un accueil enthousiaste auprès des écrivains, mais aussi de musiciens comme Berlioz, qui composera La Damnation de Faust, ou de peintres comme Delacroix. Faust devient partie intégrante de la culture romantique française. Si le personnage ne s’efface pas non plus de la nôtre, c’est aussi pour une part grâce au génie de Nerval : tout autant qu’à l’œuvre de Goethe, cette éblouissante traduction appartient à la sienne.

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