Notices and Descriptions of Antiquities of the Provincia Romana of Gaul Cover Image

About the Author: Thomas Pownall

Thomas Pownall (1722–1805) was a British colonial official and politician. He was governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay from 1757 to 1760, and afterwards sat in the House of Commons from 1767 to 1780. He travelled widely in the North American colonies prior to the American Revolutionary War, opposed Parliamentary attempts to tax the colonies, and was a minority advocate of colonial positions until the Revolution.

Classically educated and well-connected to the colonial administration in London, Pownall first travelled to North America in 1753, and spent two years exploring the colonies before being appointed Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey in 1755. He became governor of Massachusetts in 1757 after helping engineer the recall of longtime Governor William Shirley. His administration was dominated by the French and Indian War (called the "Seven Years War" in England) in which Pownall was instrumental in raising Massachusetts provincial militia for the war effort. He opposed military interference in colonial administration, including attempts to quarter British troops in private homes, and had a generally positive relationship with the colonial assembly.

Returning to England in 1760, he continued to be interested in colonial affairs, publishing widely read materials on conditions in the colonies, including several editions of The Administration of the Colonies. As a Member of Parliament he regularly advocated for colonial positions without much success, but supported the war effort once the Revolutionary War began. In the early 19th century he became an early advocate of the reduction or removal of trade barriers, and the establishment of a solid relationship between Britain and the United States. Several writers have proposed that Pownall was Junius, a pseudonymous writer of letters critical of British governmental practices.

John Adams wrote, "Pownall was the most constitutional and national Governor, in my opinion, who ever represented the crown in this province."

Notices and Descriptions of Antiquities of the Provincia Romana of Gaul Cover Image

Find the best price forNotices and Descriptions of Antiquities of the Provincia Romana of Gaul

Now Provence, Languedoc, and Dauphine; With Dissertations on the Subjects of by

, Published in Jan 1970 by Nabu Press

ISBN10: 1148153721 | ISBN13: 9781148153728

Excerpt from Notices and Descriptions of Antiquities of the Provincia Romana of Gaul, Now Provence, Languedoc, and Dauphine: With Dissertations on the Subjects of Which Those Are Exemplars, and an Appendix
That there is not a region in Europe which can have a better claim to the attention of a curious and enlightened Traveller than the old Romana Provincia, now Provence, Dauphine, and Languedoc. This holds equally true with reference to its present as well as ancient state. The scope of this present Tract is confined to amuse such Travellers and Readers as look only to that literary information in the Roman antiquities which may become an assistant commentary in the reading of the Historians and Orators, the Philosophers and Poets of the Ancients.
P. 2. The sources of wealth, as they are found equally in the present as in the ancient state of the Province, stated; yet, in respect to private or public magnificence of inhabitancy, the present state of the country is but the debris of what the ancient Province was, one or two great cities of the present state excepted.
P. 4. Seeing this, the Traveller will, with a degree of curiosity, look up to those exemplars which he will repeatedly meet with; such as mark the custom and manners, the modes of living and dwelling, the state of the arts, the culture, commerce, and police of that extraordinary people the Romans, possessing so fine a region.
P. 5. Most of these remains of antiquity are known, and have been described; yet described in such a manner, that the curious observer on the spot will find, that many descriptions are vague, imperfect, and some actually wrong, many unscientific and irrelevant. Of the descriptions made on the spot, many of them have been made by people unacquainted with the subject of which the object was an exemplar; many descriptions made by learned men in their cabinets have been made from incorrect drawings; many objects have been neglected, from not being understood.
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